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How did John Stuart Mill contribute to liberalism?

One of the most influential thinkers in the history of classical liberalism, he contributed widely to social theory, political theory, and political economy. Mill was a proponent of utilitarianism, an ethical theory developed by his predecessor Jeremy Bentham.

What are the three basic principles of liberty according to Mill?

J. S. Mill concludes the Introduction by discussing what he claimed were the three basic liberties in order of importance: The freedom of thought and emotion.

How does Mill define freedom?

Mill decided that “free will,” an individual’s freedom to choose his own form of happiness, could override the Utilitarian pleasure-pain principle. He argued that to achieve true happiness, individuals should strive not only to develop themselves but also to help others do the same.

What group does mill exclude from his view of liberty?

In Mill’s time, those people would all have been excluded from his notions of liberty, as would have been women, blacks, colonial subjects, and other non-Christian racial and ethnic groups.

How does Mill defend utilitarianism?

Mill argues that happiness is the sole basis of morality, and that people never desire anything but happiness. He supports this claim by showing that all the other objects of people’s desire are either means to happiness, or included in the definition of happiness.

What is the main point of utilitarianism?

Utilitarians believe that the purpose of morality is to make life better by increasing the amount of good things (such as pleasure and happiness) in the world and decreasing the amount of bad things (such as pain and unhappiness).

Is utilitarianism morally right?

If you answered yes, you were probably using a form of moral reasoning called “utilitarianism.” Stripped down to its essentials, utilitarianism is a moral principle that holds that the morally right course of action in any situation is the one that produces the greatest balance of benefits over harms for everyone …

What does utilitarianism mean?

Utilitarianism, in normative ethics, a tradition stemming from the late 18th- and 19th-century English philosophers and economists Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill according to which an action (or type of action) is right if it tends to promote happiness or pleasure and wrong if it tends to produce unhappiness or …