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Which syllable in a medical term most commonly receives the emphasis in pronunciation?

underlined

What syllable is emphasized in dermatology?

5 syllables

Which syllable receives emphasis in Optometry?

tom

Which syllable receives the emphasis when pronouncing the term lipectomy?

Chapters 1-6 quiz questions

Question Answer
Which medical term means skin inflammation? Dermatitis
Indicate which syllable receives the emphasis when pronouncing the term lipectomy. 2ndsyllable: pek
Which of these is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term steatoma? steat (fat) + oma (tumor) = fatty tumor

What is the basic rule for emphasizing syllables?

Med Term Chapter 1

Question Answer
What is the meaning of the root Hydro/ Water
When it comes to emphasizing the right syllable the basic rule is in most words rhe emphasis usually falls on the third to last syllable
What is the proper break down of the word parts in the term Hemarthrosis hem/arthr/osis

Which root refers to the entire membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord?

meninges

What are the roots in the medical term Sclerokeratitis?

blepharo – eyelid; conjunctiv – conjunctiva. Identify and define the roots in the medical term sclerokeratitis. kerat – cornea; sclero – sclera.

What connects the brain and spinal cord?

The brain stem connects the brain with the spinal cord. It controls hunger and thirst and some of the most basic body functions, such as body temperature, blood pressure, and breathing. The brain is protected by the bones of the skull and by a covering of three thin membranes called meninges.

Which of the following terms represents the three membranes that protect the brain and spinal cord?

Spinal Meninges. The spinal meninges are three membranes that surround the spinal cord – the dura mater, arachnoid mater, and pia mater. They contain cerebrospinal fluid, acting to support and protect the spinal cord. They are analogous with the cranial meninges.

What are Leptomeninges?

Leptomeninges: The two innermost layers of tissue that cover the brain and spinal cord. The two layers are called the arachnoid mater and pia mater.

What is the function of pia mater?

the innermost layer of the meninges, the pia mater closely covers the brain. It acts as a barrier and aids in the production of cerebrospinal fluid.

What are two functions of cerebrospinal fluid?

CSF serves five primary purposes: buoyancy, protection, chemical stability, waste removal, and prevention of brain ischemia. CSF can be tested for the diagnosis of a variety of neurological diseases through the use of a procedure called lumbar puncture.

What is the major function of cerebrospinal fluid?

CSF assists the brain by providing protection, nourishment, and waste removal. CSF provides hydromechanical protection of the neuraxis through two mechanisms. First, CSF acts as a shock absorber, cushioning the brain against the skull.

What is the normal function of cerebrospinal fluid?

While the primary function of CSF is to cushion the brain within the skull and serve as a shock absorber for the central nervous system, CSF also circulates nutrients and chemicals filtered from the blood and removes waste products from the brain.

What are the three main functions of CSF?

Cerebrospinal fluid has three main functions: Protect brain and spinal cord from trauma. Supply nutrients to nervous system tissue. Remove waste products from cerebral metabolism.

What happens if CSF flow is blocked?

The body typically produces enough CSF each day and absorbs the same amount. However, when the normal flow or absorption of CSF is blocked it can result in a buildup of CSF. The pressure from too much CSF can keep the brain from functioning properly and cause brain damage and even death.

Which fluid is present in our brain and what is the function of it?

Formed primarily in the ventricles of the brain, the cerebrospinal fluid supports the brain and provides lubrication between surrounding bones and the brain and spinal cord. When an individual suffers a head injury, the fluid acts as a cushion, dulling the force by distributing its impact.

Which is not function of CSF?

1 Answer. Maintain high intracranial pressure is not a function of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).

What happens to CSF?

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a clear, colorless body fluid found within the tissue that surrounds the brain and spinal cord of all vertebrates. It replaces the body fluid found outside the cells of all bilateral animals….

Cerebrospinal fluid
Acronym(s) CSF
MeSH D002555
TA98 A14.1.01

What causes increased CSF production?

The increased CSF production is the result of an increased activity of Na+-K+ ATPase at the choroid plexus level, which establishes a sodium gradient across the choroid epithelial cells, as well as of an elevated CBF (66).

How do you increase CSF fluid?

[15] found that the long-term consumption of caffeine, a nonselective adenosine A1 and receptor antagonist, increased CSF production, associated with the increased expression of Na+-K+ ATPase and increased cerebral blood flow. Caffeine (0.3 or 0.6 g/L) was added to the drinking water for 3 weeks in this study [15].

What does CSF feel like?

Symptoms of a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak can include: Headache, which feels worse when sitting up or standing and better when laying down; may come on gradually or suddenly. Vision changes (blurred vision, double vision, visual field changes) Hearing changes/ringing in ears.

Can CSF heal itself?

Most cases heal by themselves with no lasting symptoms. If the CSF leak keeps coming back, high pressure of the CSF (hydrocephalus) might be the cause and should be treated.

Can you have CSF leak for years?

Spinal fluid leaks also can lead to serious complications, including seizures. Patients may have a CSF leak for years or decades before it is diagnosed.

What happens if CSF leak is not treated?

Untreated CSF leaks can lead to life-threatening meningitis, brain infections, or stroke. UT Southwestern specialists offer rapid, accurate diagnosis of this dangerous condition, world-class surgical services to correct it, and pre- and post-surgical care that optimizes each patient’s treatment and recovery.

Can CSF leaks come and go?

Patients who have had a CSF leak have described the fluid as having a salty or metallic taste. Dr. Frank P.K. Hsu, chair of the department of neurological surgery at UC Irvine Health, said that the fluid may also “come and go.”

When should you suspect a CSF leak?

The most common and classic symptom suggestive of a spinal CSF leak is a positional headache: a headache that is worse when upright and improved when positioned horizontally. It is not unusual for the headache to become less positional over time, or for the positional aspect to resolve entirely.

How do I know if I have runny nose or CSF?

Rhinorrhea (runny nose) that is clear and watery may be the first sign of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea….Symptoms

  1. Headache.
  2. Salty or metallic taste in the mouth1
  3. Drainage increases while leaning forward with head down.
  4. Lack of smell (anosmia)1
  5. Nasal congestion.

What should I do if I suspect CSF leak?

If a doctor suspects a CSF leak, they may order a CT or MRI scan to help confirm the diagnosis and locate the leak.

What do you do if you suspect a CSF leak?

If a leak is suspected, referral to a specialist with expertise in this area is recommended. This may be a neurologist (particularly those with an interest in headaches), neurosurgeon or neuroradiologist. Many patients will undergo a CT brain early in their presentation that may be reported as normal.